Mew and montana

Montana is a state in the Western United States. The state’s name is derived from the Spanish word montaña (mountain). Montana has several nicknames, none official, including “Big Sky Country” and “The Treasure State”, and slogans that include “Land of the Shining Mountains” and more recently “The Last Best Place”. Montana is ranked 4th in size, but 44th in population and 48th in population density of the 50 United States. The western third of Montana contains numerous mountain ranges. Smaller island ranges are found throughout the state, for a total of 77 named ranges that are part of the Rocky Mountains.

The economy is primarily based on agriculture, including ranching and cereal grain farming. Other significant economic activities include oil, gas, coal and hard rock mining, lumber, and the fastest-growing sector, tourism. The health care, service, and government sectors also are significant to the state’s economy. Millions of tourists annually visit Glacier National Park, the Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, and Yellowstone National Park

Etymology and naming history

The name Montana comes from the Spanish word Montaña, meaning “mountain”, or more broadly, “mountainous country”. Montaña del Norte was the name given by early Spanish explorers to the entire mountainous region of the west. The name Montana was added to a bill by the United States House Committee on Territories, which was chaired at the time by Rep. James Ashley of Ohio, for the territory that would become Idaho Territory The name was successfully changed by Representatives Henry Wilson (Massachusetts) and Benjamin F. Harding (Oregon), who complained that Montana had “no meaning”. When Ashley presented a bill to establish a temporary government in 1864 for a new territory to be carved out of Idaho, he again chose Montana Territory. This time Rep. Samuel Cox, also of Ohio, objected to the name. Cox complained that the name was a misnomer given that most of the territory was not mountainous and that a Native American name would be more appropriate than a Spanish one. Other names such as Shoshone were suggested, but it was eventually decided that the Committee on Territories could name it whatever they wanted, so the original name of Montana was adopted.


See also: Regional designations of Montana, Ecological systems of Montana, List of mountain ranges in Montana and List of Forests in Montana

Map of Montana
With a total area of 147,040 square miles (380,800 km2), Montana is slightly larger than Japan. It is the fourth largest state in the United States after Alaska, Texas, and California; the largest landlocked U.S. state; and the 56th largest national state/province subdivision in the world. To the north, Montana shares a 545-mile (877 km) border with three Canadian provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan. The state borders North Dakota and South Dakota to the east, Wyoming to the south and Idaho to the west and southwest.


The topography of the state is roughly defined by the Continental Divide, which splits much of the state into distinct eastern and western regions. Most of Montana’s 100 or more named mountain ranges are concentrated in the western half of the state, most of which is geologically and geographically part of the Northern Rocky Mountains. The Absaroka and Beartooth ranges in the south-central part of the state are technically part of the Central Rocky Mountains. The Rocky Mountain Front is a significant feature in the north-central portion of the state, and there are a number of isolated island ranges that interrupt the prairie landscape common in the central and eastern parts of the state. About 60 percent of the state is prairie, part of the northern Great Plains.

The Bitterroot Mountains—one of the longest continuous ranges in the entire Rocky Mountain chain from Alaska to Mexico —along with smaller ranges, including the Coeur d’Alene Mountains and the Cabinet Mountains, divide the state from Idaho. The southern third of the Bitterroot range blends into the Continental Divide. Other major mountain ranges west of the Divide include the Cabinet Mountains, the Anaconda Range, the Missions, the Garnet Range, Sapphire Mountains, and Flint Creek Range.

Montana terrain
The northern section of the Divide, where the mountains give way rapidly to prairie, is part of the Rocky Mountain Front. The front is most pronounced in the Lewis Range, located primarily in Glacier National Park. Due to the configuration of mountain ranges in Glacier National Park, the Northern Divide (which begins in Alaska’s Seward Peninsula) crosses this region and turns east in Montana at Triple Divide Peak. It causes the Waterton River, Belly, and Saint Mary rivers to flow north into Alberta, Canada. There they join the Saskatchewan River, which ultimately empties into Hudson Bay.

East of the divide, several roughly parallel ranges cover the southern part of the state, including the Gravelly Range, the Madison Range, Gallatin Range, Absaroka Mountains and the Beartooth Mountains. The Beartooth Plateau is the largest continuous land mass over 10,000 feet (3,000 m) high in the continental United States. It contains the highest point in the state, Granite Peak, 12,799 feet (3,901 m) high. North of these ranges are the Big Belt Mountains, Bridger Mountains, Tobacco Roots, and several island ranges, including the Crazy Mountains and Little Belt Mountains.

St. Mary Lake in Glacier National Park
Between many mountain ranges are rich river valleys. The Big Hole Valley, Bitterroot Valley, Gallatin Valley, Flathead Valley, and Paradise Valley have extensive agricultural resources and multiple opportunities for tourism and recreation.

East and north of this transition zone are the expansive and sparsely populated Northern Plains, with tableland prairies, smaller island mountain ranges, and badlands. The isolated island ranges east of the Divide include the Bear Paw Mountains, Bull Mountains, Castle Mountains, Crazy Mountains, Highwood Mountains, Judith Mountains, Little Belt Mountains, Little Rocky Mountains, the Pryor Mountains, Snowy Mountains, Sweet Grass Hills, and—in the southeastern corner of the state near Ekalaka—the Long Pines. Many of these isolated eastern ranges were created about 120 to 66 million years ago when magma welling up from the interior cracked and bowed the earth’s surface here.

The area east of the divide in the north-central portion of the state is known for the Missouri Breaks and other significant rock formations. Three buttes south of Great Falls are major landmarks: Cascade, Crown, Square, Shaw and Buttes. Known as laccoliths, they formed when igneous rock protruded through cracks in the sedimentary rock. The underlying surface consists of sandstone and shale. Surface soils in the area are highly diverse, and greatly affected by the local geology, whether glaciated plain, intermountain basin, mountain foothills, or tableland. Foothill regions are often covered in weathered stone or broken slate, or consist of uncovered bare rock (usually igneous, quartzite, sandstone, or shale). The soil of intermountain basins usually consists of clay, gravel, sand, silt, and volcanic ash, much of it laid down by lakes which covered the region during the Oligocene 33 to 23 million years ago. Tablelands are often topped with argillite gravel and weathered quartzite, occasionally underlain by shale. The glaciated plains are generally covered in clay, gravel, sand, and silt left by the proglacial Lake Great Falls or by moraines or gravel-covered former lake basins left by the Wisconsin glaciation 85,000 to 11,000 years ago. Farther east, areas such as Makoshika State Park near Glendive and Medicine Rocks State Park near Ekalaka contain some of the most scenic badlands regions in the state.

The Hell Creek Formation in Northeast Montana is a major source of dinosaur fossils. Paleontologist Jack Horner of the Museum of the Rockies in Bozeman brought this formation to the world’s attention with several major finds.

Rivers, lakes and reservoirs

See also: List of rivers of Montana and List of lakes in Montana

Montana contains thousands of named rivers and creeks, 450 miles (720 km) of which are known for “blue-ribbon” trout fishing. Montana’s water resources provide for recreation, hydropower, crop and forage irrigation, mining, and water for human consumption. Montana is one of few geographic areas in the world whose rivers form parts of three major watersheds (i.e. where two continental divides intersect). Its rivers feed the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and Hudson Bay. The watersheds divide at Triple Divide Peak in Glacier National Park.

The watchers on the wall

After last week’s blockbuster Game of Thrones, we were left as horrified as Tyrion Lannister and as giddy as the giggling Arya. The Red Viper is dead—with the Mountain appearing not far behind from that diagnosis either—and everyone’s favorite character on television seems destined for a rendezvous with the “King’s Justice.” Or at least that of his conniving father’s.

So, the prospect of waiting an extra week to follow up on that showstopper of gore and excitement in favor of an entire hour devoted to Jon Snow and the Wall would normally seem like a grisly option. Fortunately though, this week also marked the return of features director Neil Marshall (The Descent, Dog Soldiers) behind the camera and an all-in HBO budget for the biggest battle in television history (at least not related to HBO’s multiple World War II miniseries). Indeed, it was Jon Snow’s finest hour in the series’ entire run.

To be sure, “The Watcher on the Wall” is the most unique and curious of Game of Thrones’ four penultimate episode season closers. While the last three seasons featured the year’s “climax” culminating in the ninth episode, usually in spectacularly gory detail with a handful of dead Starks, this is the first time the penultimate episode does not actually feel like the “finale.” In fact, by cutting the battle short (we should have more definitive revelations about the direction of the conflict next week), it marks Game of Thrones’ most traditional of penultimate TV episodes by laying the groundwork for an even bigger blow to come next week.

And yet, it would be hard to argue that “The Watchers on the Wall” isn’t the most cinematic hour of Game of Thrones’ entire run!
Perhaps making up for lost time due to how little build-up there has been for this battle when compared to the slow boil bloodbath in Blackwater Bay witnessed during Season 2, much of this week’s show is about developing interest in the outcome early through long overdue character moments between Jon Snow, Samwell Tarly, and pretty much all the other brothers in black. It seems dubious that after four years of non-book readers confusing Grenn for Dolorous Edd, and being unsure if Janos Slynt and Ser Alliser Thorne are the same person, that they may have developed the emotional attachment intended by writers David Benioff and D.B. Weiss. However, the central focus of the initial 20 minutes pays off in dividends, as it will likely be the first time that viewers have ever cared about the fate of Sam and Gilly, and even remembered why they liked Jon Snow so much in the first place during Season 1.

This is first and foremost a credit to the actors bringing their A-game. Kit Harington, John Bradley, and even Peter Vaughan as the ever-wise (and Targaryen name-dropping) Maester Aemon are allowed to really shine in their hour-long showcase tonight. But the real star of the hour is Marshall’s direction. From his opening shots of Snow and Tarly on the wall to the confident tracking dollies that follow them through the garrison’s meager provisions at the top and the inadequate armaments below, this is bullish filmmaking on a (staggering) TV budget. The visual flair of practically each frame in the episode helps highlight that the Game of Thrones budget has grown considerably to literal mammoth-sized proportions since Season 2’s “Blackwater,” and Marhsall’s vision has proven equally robust. With sweeping images of raiding parties attempting to flank the Wall from the south all the way to the fire toward the north beyond it, this is epic in scope. Of special note is a jaw-dropping crane shot that takes advantage of every square inch available on the Castle Black set in Dublin, following Jon’s first foray into the interior chaos of Giantsbane’s raiding party within the Wall to Sam finally letting Ghost out of his cage.

But all the spectacle is couched in a character driven series that allows it to stand head-and-shoulders above its bigger budget epic contemporaries that storm cinemas every so often. Which again brings us back to Snow and Tarly. Jon Snow, a highlight during the first season of Game of Thrones, has been clearly underserved by the visually dazzling location shooting in Iceland during Seasons 2 and 3. Forced to rely on swift, economical scenes to rapidly tell the character’s story beats in the midst of unforgiving frozen weather, the sequences reduced Jon’s impact on previous seasons more than any character not named Bran or Rickon Stark. As a consequence, Season 4’s sudden stakes about the fate of the Wall have seemed nearly perfunctory. Until now.

“The Watchers on the Wall” reminds audiences why Jon Snow is such a likable character. And it isn’t because he has the coolest direwolf of all the Stark kids or that he gets to fight the occasional ice zombie: it’s due to being the most true-blue fantasy hero in a series that despises fantasy archetypes. Unlike Robb Stark who thought the world would bend its knee to his wishes, Jon Snow is a “good son” of Eddard that lacks the illusions of his father and siblings about the kindness of strangers. As a bastard, he will never amount to much more than he is now as a brother of the Night’s Watch. But his dedication to this purpose rarely seems foolish, save if Ygritte’s biting words are around, and his altruism is genuinely refreshing in a show stuffed with so many scheming and self-serving narcissists.

Thus his determination to defend the Wall in the oncoming waves of overwhelming odds gives the character a noble light more reminiscent these days of Michael Caine in Zulu or Fess Parker’s Davy Crockett myth at the Alamo than that of the Arthurian boy hero. And by extension, the desperation of his closest friend and greatest professional enemy are also greatly compounded when given a full hour to breathe.

Much like “Blackwater” and even the 20-plus minutes devoted to Joffrey’s wedding in this season’s “The Lion and the Rose,” all of the many tangled subplots at the Wall are allowed to breathe in the expanded running time focus. Hence actual audience engagement in Sam’s longing for Gilly, which previously has felt like abrupt filler when sandwiched between escalating political intrigue plots in King’s Landing.

Aye, Sam’s newfound courage in being able to curse out Pyp in order to save Gilly, and to then hold the comrade in his arms at the point of death before fighting on, all feels like hard earned character moments. To believe that the pathetic craven who laid on the ground in Season 1 is the same guy who can whip bravery into Pyp—and for it to also feel earned—is quite the achievement on Bradley and the writers’ part. As is Owen Teale’s Alliser being able to concede that Jon Snow was right about filling the tunnels, which led to the rather bittersweet loss of half a dozen brave souls beneath. Snow still has an out-and-out foil in the cowardly Janos Slynt who hides with Gilly in the bowels of the Wall, a choice that Sam miraculously avoids. But Alliser proves for the time being that he has the realm’s interest at heart too by fighting the good fight alongside Jon Snow in his own hateful way.

Still, the most important and crucial relationship of the night, and perhaps Jon Snow’s entire character arc, is his connection with Ygritte. The girl who was kissed by fire was also once the girl kissed by Jon Snow before he abandoned her for his oath and duties. Benioff and Weiss add heavies who were either on different sides of the Wall during this battle in the book (Giantsbane) or entirely made up for the show (Thenn), however at the end of the day, it boils down to an agonizing lover’s quarrel between Jon and Ygritte. It is also the greatest stroke of genius by George R.R. Martin in this set-up. The only thing that prevents the Wildlings from becoming the faceless marauders of Night’s Watch gossip (and American frontier propaganda) is the human face Ygritte gives to their rightful misgivings toward the Westerorsi. They refused to bend a knee to the Men of the Andal and were thus cursed to live in a land of eternal winter where every few millennia, the dead may rise. But probably most egregiously, they can be left high-and-dry by men who say the love him.

Ygritte is a complicated character that deserved more screen time than she received in Season 4. Primarily forced to simply slaughter Westerosi villagers before tonight, her random sparing of Gilly and babe last week has been the single shred of humanity she was previously allowed to show. But this week, Rose Leslie devours the screen in her Swan Song of rage and anguish for Jon Snow, a man she claims to hate so much that any passerby can see it is obviously love.

So, when she dies in Jon Snow’s arms, it hurts. Sincerely, it is the most painful death of the season. Joffrey had us applaud while Lysa made us snicker. And the Red Viper, as awesome as he was, ultimately appears to be a lamb meant for the slaughter, solely created so Martin could bemusedly snatch him away from readers. Yet, Ygritte is the one who’s time felt inevitable since she and Snow had reached a point where one’s claim for Wall supremacy would fall beneath the other’s blade. And since it feels like Jon Snow’s road has at least one more episode to go, it was time for Ygritte’s final bow. And she takes it in a scene far more melodramatic than the ambiguous end she meets in A Storm of Swords, but it is every bit as painful to see her go. It might appear that the charismatic Ms. Leslie is headed for bigger things than playing Jon Snow’s doomed, lost love, but to realize this is the last time we will hear “You know nothing, Jon Snow” is more than a touch bittersweet.

This week also shockingly bid farewell to Pyp and Grenn, two characters who did not die in this battle in the books. While some readers may howl, it marks another vote of confidence on Benioff and Weiss’ part about where they are headed, and when that includes following ice anchors and burning hot liquid metal, it is likely most fans will be okay. However, one destination it also headed for is an abrupt conclusion.

Unlike Season 2’s much more finale styled “Blackwater,” the ninth episode of Season 4 does not conclude its siege of choice. When tonight’s episode ended, The Battle of the Wall is still very much up in the air with Jon Snow and friends winning a momentary reprieve until their thousand-to-one ratio is tested again by another night of attack from Mance Rayder’s apparently limitless force. Ergo, Jon Snow’s decision to entreat with Mance, a character that has strangely been absent all season, is a tantalizing one. While Marshall unleashed the series’ biggest spectacle yet, the character moments that might decide the fate of the Wall have been saved for the season finale.

It is a bold choice that breaks the mold, but much like the episode’s build-up, it feels somewhat deflating. “Blackwater” gave audiences a clear winner-and-loser conclusion to its scenes of war and carnage, leaving audiences exhilarated. From what we’ve so far seen of The Battle for the Wall, it is an exhausting and draining affair that browbeats viewers just as much as Jon and Sam upon finding the lifeless corpse of Grenn in the tunnels before the inner-gate. And that comparison also brings sad contrast to how well-developed the Battle of Blackwater Bay was on all sides from the mixed feelings viewers had for Tyrion and Cersei’s intertwined fate to the destinies of Stannis and Davos too. Save for Ygritte, there is likely not one Wildling that audiences gave a lick about, and only the most pure “A Song of Ice and Fire” fan will weep for the bitter end of Pyp.

The watcher on the wall is one of my favourite episodes of the series so far.

I would like to mention the performance of Kit Harrington (jon snow) and John Bradley(Samwell Tarley) which was outstanding.

Freddy Krugar goes to Las Vegas

Freddie’s journey continues on his search to find a new jumper, he thought what better place to search than Las Vegas often known as simply Vegas, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Nevada and the county seat of Clark County. Las Vegas is an internationally renowned major resort city known primarily for gambling, shopping, fine dining and nightlife and is the leading financial and cultural center for Southern Nevada. The city bills itself as The Entertainment Capital of the World, and is famous for its mega casino–hotels and associated entertainment. A growing retirement and family city, Las Vegas is the 31st-most populous city in the United States, with a population at the 2010 census of 583,756. The 2010 population of the Las Vegas metropolitan area was 1,951,269. The city is one of the top three leading destinations in the United States for conventions, business and meetings. Today, Las Vegas is one of the top tourist destinations in the world.

His first stop was Caesars palace which is owned and operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation and is located on the west side of the Strip, between the Bellagio and the Mirage. The hotel includes a convention facility of over 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2).

Caesars has 3,960 rooms in six towers: Augustus, Centurion (now Nobu), Roman, Palace, Octavius, and Forum. The Forum tower features guest suites with 1,000 square feet (93 m2) of space

Freddy decided he could search all the rooms for a new jumper so over the next year there were many mysterious deaths happening within the premises. When he reached room 3960 he started to realise he is not going to find his jumper here so he then chose to take the left down to reception and exit the hotel.

As he was leaving he bumped into the ghost of tupac who told to expand his search to the gran canyon. its a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in the United States in the state of Arizona. It is contained within and managed by Grand Canyon National Park, the Hualapai Tribal Nation, and the Havasupai Tribe. President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of preservation of the Grand Canyon area, and visited it on numerous occasions to hunt and enjoy the scenery.

The Grand Canyon is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 18 miles (29 km) wide and attains a depth of over a mile (6,000 feet or 1,800 meters). Nearly two billion years of Earth’s geological history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted. While the specific geologic processes and timing that formed the Grand Canyon are the subject of debate by geologists, recent evidence suggests that the Colorado River established its course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago. Since that time, the Colorado River continued to erode and form the canyon to its present-day configuration.

In the distance Freddy spotted a red object blowing in the wind, he ran! as fast as he could. he thought this was the moment he would find his jumper.

Turns out it was a dead hooker.

maybe next time he will find his jumper….

Eva carneiro’s football memoirs – vol 4 (latest transfer news)

Middlesbrough have made an offer to out of contract GK craig gordan

Burnley in for Moses Odubajo from the O’s, rumour is we are going to ask for £1.2m for him and to get him on loan for at least half next season.

Offers made to Craig Gordon include one from League 1 Oldham despite Paul Rachubka shaking hands on a deal. Rachubka has been linked with a move to SPL side Kilmarnock

Middlesbrough are on the verge of signing Danny Graham after beating Watford to his signature, it is believed aitor is also looking at milan lalkovic and shola ameobi to join graham in the striking department.
Middlesbrough will also bring in Chris Eagles as back up for our attacking mids and wingers, they are also looking to bring in celta vigo right back, Castro Otto for a fee off arround 950k-1m.
Other targets include, S Ward, S Given, H Maguire

Ex Yeovil striker Reuben Reid is in talks with Burton Albion and Shrewsbury over a possible move after turning down the option to rejoin Plymouth.

Wycombe have enquired about re-signing former striker Stuart Beavon, but Preston are unwilling to let the forward go. Matt Bloomfield has also agreed a 2 year deal.

Carlisle in talks with released Hibs duo Paul Heffernan and Tom Taiwo. As well as Motherwell goalkeeper Lee Hollis.

Lingard going to Burnley for £2m – Done deal.

wba are closing in on 3 new defenders to join there squad. championshp full back sam byran, leeds and aaron crewel, ipswich are close to a switch whilst free agent Michael keane the former m. utd youngster is also ready to complete a switch despite interest fromcrystal palace and Leicester

After an impressive first season on loan at the iPro, George Thorne and Derby County are in talks to see if the current West Brom midfielder could make a permanent switch to the East Midlands Club.

Burnley are in talks with turkish club Antalyspor trying to complete in signing Anton Ferdinand on a season long loan.
Ferdinand has hinted his Homesick which has prompted a lot of attention from other premiership and Championship clubs with fellow promotion hopefulls qpr who intrested in re-signin the Defendr And also are linked with a move for his Brother Rio Ferdinand who is a free agent

Kostas Mitroglou moved to scotch rumours that he has demanded to leave Fulham & says the Turkish press have lied.
Galatasaray have a firm interest in Mitroglou but Fulham are looking to keep the Greece international at CC as they look to regain premiership status at the first attempt.
Someone who won’t be at CC next season is Kasami, the Swiss international is in advance talks with Olympiaikos but they are yet to match the 8m asking price for the talented youngster & Werder Bremen are ready to poach him away as they’re willing to match Fulham’s asking price.
The money from the transfer will be used to shore up the midfield & defence with Jesse Lindgaard, Aaron Cresswell, Raol Low, Willy Overtoom, Moisander & Redmond all targets along with young Bundesliga talent joining on loan

Shrewsbury are close to finalising the signing of 33 year old, Jermaine Johnson on a free transfer after his release from Sheffield Wednesday.

Brentford to sign Alan Judge permanently within the next 7 days, winger told he is not in managers plans at Blackburn

Top 5 horror franchises by Robert Englund

Texas chainsaw massacre

Of course Tobe Hooper’s 1974 original is a classic, a truly beautiful film. And his 1986 sequel is a masterpiece of gonzo universe reinvention. But man are parts 3 and 4 abysmal. The 2003 remake was decent enough (though I didn’t care for its prequel) but there’s not a lot of the original franchise to left to chew on. Once you get to this year’s remake/sequel you’re seeing this series push up against its limitations (though I agree with one of my friends who asserts that 3D would have been a much better film if they’d had the conviction to drop the “modern day” angle and keep it in 1994 – which was clearly the original intention


This feels sort of nuts because it has bar none the best film out of any of the franchises that beat it. John Carpenter’s 1978 Halloween is without question one of the best horror films ever made, and certainly the best slasher. But, deep in my gut, I can’t muster much enthusiasm for this brand as a whole. Sure Halloween 2 is okay and Halloween III: Season Of The Witch is pretty great but the subsequent Michael Myers installments (I’m including the remake and its sequel in this assessment) just kind of all fade together. The 4th film is pretty good but it begins a slow bleed out and the way the mythology is expanded just doesn’t interest me. I’m not a fan of H20 or Resurrection at all and can’t relate to Rob Zombie’s take on the material either.

Perhaps the diminishing returns can be boiled down to one fact. The more you explain Michael Myers, the further you get away from the point of the original film – that evil simply is. Of course, I think we’d all welcome a visceral new installment that got back to basics.

child’s play

While none of the films in the Child’s Play franchise come close to hitting the highs of the original Halloween or Texas Chainsaw Massacre, Don Mancini’s enduring creation gets points for consistency. Even if you don’t like the direction taken by Bride Of Chucky or Seed Of Chucky, you still feel like they’re an (admittedly weird) extension of the original story. The newly released Curse Of Chucky also carries some surprises in that department. Like it or not, the Child’s Play films provide their villain with a complete journey – something that oddly satisfies me.

nightmare on elm street

The same can be said for A Nightmare On Elm Street and its sequels. While the quality of the films (especially in terms of scares) begins to decline after Dream Warriors (hey, I like Freddy’s Revenge) they still present a complete arc for Freddy. On top of that, they’re not lazy about exploring the milieu of the dream world and the ability of Freddy and his victims within it. As horrible as Freddy’s Dead was, it was preceded by 5 movies that all felt like part of a larger story that really worked towards developing whatever ideas its universe offered. The first and third entries are legitimately great (with a case to be made for the second), and the creativity of the two subsequent disappointments actually earns the franchise points as a whole. Not even the aforementioned Freddy’s Dead or the widely hated 2010 remake can take that away.

Friday the 13th

Perhaps the messiest franchise of them all, this one earns points for variety as well as its compelling history, legacy and cultural impact. I’d argue that Jason Voorhees became the most famous modern slasher through this franchise’s sheer force of will to survive (if not quality). Jason’s journey is much more fractured than Freddy’s or Chucky’s, but it still breaks down in an interesting manner. You’ve got a good first film in which he’s only alluded to (save for the end). Then Parts 2-4 form an interesting “living Jason” semi-trilogy that traces our antihero’s evolution from myth to actualized killer to dead special needs case. Then you’ve got your Tommy Jarvis trilogy (sharing part 4 with the semi-trilogy). The continuity between all of these films can be shoddy, but there’s at least a narrative thrust here that I can get behind. After that we get a variety of (almost) stand alone takes on the character that reward different camps within the overall fanbase, culminating with Jason X.

The series also gets points for unpredictability. It doesn’t suffer from the slow decline that most franchises do. While the original Friday The 13th might be the weakest first installment out of any of the series listed above, none of them had what was arguably their best moment six films in. Part 2 is great, The Final Chapter is even better and Jason Lives is (for me) the best. It also doesn’t hurt that the 2009 remake is handily better than the Chainsaw, Halloween or Elm Street remakes. Bonus? You can throw on an F13 movie any old time. People just don’t say that about Halloween: Resurrection or Freddy’s Dead.

Top 5 cocktails by Amber heard

Amaretto-Cranberry Kiss

Vodka and cranberry have been a pair on numerous occasions (most notably in the Cosmo). In this drink, orange juice smoothes out the flavor of the tart cranberry. To avoid making an overly sweet Kool-Aid-like concoction, try using unsweetened cranberry juice or adding more OJ. The amaretto contributes sweet almond flavors (you may have seen the Disaronno Originale brand on liquor shelves) and adds yet more alcohol. Beware: This Kiss packs quite a punch.

Bitter Crush

Italian Aperol, an orangey aperitif that is the base of this drink, lends a provocative bite that can make the cocktail quite bitter (thus the name). You can toy with the flavor balance by adding more or less sugar and by adjusting the dilution: Serve it chilled for full force or on the rocks to mellow it out. Either way, the luscious red color beckons for a second and third sip. Ideal as an aperitif before a meal.


If bright-red drinks don’t communicate the seductive subtlety you were striving for, consider this variation on a martini. The Fever plays up some alluring, exotic flavors, combining a nutty spiciness with a sexy hint of anise. By adding Dubonnet Rouge, which contains red wine, the drink achieves a touch of pink. As a whole, it’s dry enough to pair with many foods, and simple enough to stir up at a moment’s notice.

The New Bee’s Knees

“Fly like a butterfly, sting like a bee” goes the famous expression (a classic example of Muhammad Ali braggadocio). He could have been talking about this variation on a classic drink: The scent floats across the nose with enchanting floral aromas thanks to the addition of lavender. Lemon and honey create a deceptive sweetness; the gin kicks in soon enough.

Blood Orange French 75

Champagne cocktails are, by their very nature, celebratory. The rising bubbles function not just as eye candy but as palate stimulants, and the alcohol in carbonated cocktails enters the bloodstream faster than in noncarbonized ones. This version of the classic French 75 adds complexity in the form of bitters, an element that goes well with the blood oranges that make up the drink’s pulp. Serve it before a romantic meal or the day after, with brunch.

Sudoki with count Dooku

Sudoku originally called Number Place, is a logic-based, combinatorial number-placement puzzle. The objective is to fill a 9×9 grid with digits so that each column, each row, and each of the nine 3×3 sub-grids that compose the grid (also called “boxes”, “blocks”, “regions”, or “sub-squares”) contains all of the digits from 1 to 9. The puzzle setter provides a partially completed grid, which for a well-posed puzzle has a unique solution.

Completed puzzles are always a type of Latin square with an additional constraint on the contents of individual regions. For example, the same single integer may not appear twice in the same 9×9 playing board row or column or in any of the nine 3×3 subregions of the 9×9 playing board.

The puzzle was popularized in 1986 by the Japanese puzzle company Nikoli, under the name Sudoku, meaning single number It became an international hit in 2005.

do this one??

Number puzzles appeared in newspapers in the late 19th century, when French puzzle setters began experimenting with removing numbers from magic squares. Le Siècle, a Paris-based daily, published a partially completed 9×9 magic square with 3×3 sub-squares on November 19, 1892. It was not a Sudoku because it contained double-digit numbers and required arithmetic rather than logic to solve, but it shared key characteristics: each row, column and sub-square added up to the same number.

On July 6, 1895, Le Siècle’s rival, La France, refined the puzzle so that it was almost a modern Sudoku. It simplified the 9×9 magic square puzzle so that each row, column and broken diagonals contained only the numbers 1–9, but did not mark the sub-squares. Although they are unmarked, each 3×3 sub-square does indeed comprise the numbers 1–9 and the additional constraint on the broken diagonals leads to only one solution.

These weekly puzzles were a feature of French newspapers such as L’Echo de Paris for about a decade but disappeared about the time of World War I.

The modern Sudoku was most likely designed anonymously by Howard Garns, a 74-year-old retired architect and freelance puzzle constructor from Connersville, Indiana, and first published in 1979 by Dell Magazines as Number Place (the earliest known examples of modern Sudoku). Garns’s name was always present on the list of contributors in issues of Dell Pencil Puzzles and Word Games that included Number Place, and was always absent from issues that did not. He died in 1989 before getting a chance to see his creation as a worldwide phenomenon. It is unclear if Garns was familiar with any of the French newspapers listed above.

A completed Sudoku grid is a special type of Latin square with the additional property of no repeated values in any of the 9 blocks of contiguous 3×3 cells. The relationship between the two theories is now completely known, after it was proven that a first-order formula that does not mention blocks (also called boxes or regions) is valid for Sudoku if and only if it is valid for Latin Squares (this property is trivially true for the axioms and it can be extended to any formula).

The number of classic 9×9 Sudoku solution grids is 6,670,903,752,021,072,936,960 (sequence A107739 in OEIS), or approximately 6.67×1021. This is roughly 1.2×10−6 times the number of 9×9 Latin squares. Various other grid sizes have also been enumerated—see the main article for details. The number of essentially different solutions, when symmetries such as rotation, reflection, permutation and relabelling are taken into account, was shown to be just 5,472,730,538 (sequence A109741 in OEIS).

Contrary to the number of complete Sudoku grids, the number of minimal 9×9 Sudoku puzzles is not precisely known. (A minimal puzzle is one in which no clue can be deleted without losing uniqueness of the solution.) However, statistical techniques combined with the definition of a new type of generator allow showing that there are approximately (with 0.065% relative error):
3.10 × 1037 minimal puzzles,
2.55 × 1025 non-essentially-equivalent minimal puzzles.

The maximum number of givens provided while still not rendering a unique solution is four short of a full grid if two instances of two numbers each are missing from cells that occupy the corners of an orthogonal rectangle, and exactly two of these cells are within one region, there are two ways the numbers can be assigned. Since this applies to Latin squares in general, most variants of Sudoku have the same maximum. The inverse problem—the fewest givens that render a solution unique—was recently proven to be 17. A number of valid puzzles with 17 givens have been found for the standard variation without a symmetry constraint, by Japanese puzzle enthusiasts, and 18 with the givens in rotationally symmetric cells. Over 49,000 examples of Sudoku puzzles with 17 givens resulting in a unique solution are known.

The arrangement of numbers in Sudoku puzzles have greater Shannon entropy than the number arrangements in randomly generated 9×9 matrices. This is because the rules of Sudoku exclude some random arrangements that have an innate symmetry.

The general problem of solving Sudoku puzzles on n2 × n2 boards of n × n blocks is known to be NP-complete.

copied this off the internet but purely for your educational needs :)